Summer Tree and Shrub Care
Trees and shrubs are an important part of any landscape. Shrubs fill in the spaces of a landscape while trees can add shade and an aesthetic element to any yard. Like the rest of your lawn, trees and shrubs must be properly cared for to keep them protected from pest infestations and fungus. Pests and diseases cause extra stress on trees which makes it more difficult for them to survive harsh summer heat. There are preventative actions that can be taken to help prevent pests and fungus, but these problems can still happen despite preventative measures. Here are some common summer pests and diseases to look for in your trees and shrubs.
Late spring and early summer is when pests emerge to start feeding on plants and shrubs. Beetles are a common leaf-eating pest and there are two types of beetles that attack plants; leaf beetles and Japanese beetles. Leaf beetles are yellowish green and oval in appearance with three black spots behind their heads. They lay eggs on the surfaces of leaves and the larvae feed on the leaves once they hatch. Japanese beetles are metallic green with copper-brown wings that emerge from the ground in June and feed on plants top to bottom. Another leaf-eating pest is bagworms. Bagworms are moth larvae that disguise their webs with bits of the tree to look like a pine cone. Live pests are not the only danger to trees and shrubs, fungus can cause plant diseases. Apple scab is a fungal leaf disease that could lead to defoliation which causes added stress for a plant and makes it more susceptible to other pests. While none of these pests will kill a tree alone, the stress that each one causes could diminish the tree’s ability to survive hot and dry conditions and cause defoliation.
There are some preventative actions that can be taken to promote the health of trees and shrubs that by extension promote their ability to survive diseases and harsh conditions. Moisture is an important element to maintaining healthy plants. Mulch beds placed around the bases of plants help hold in extra moisture to increase their chances of survival through heat and drought conditions. The mulch should be spread to about 3 or 4 feet in diameter around the tree to be effective. Fertilizer also helps trees endure harsh conditions. Nitrogen based fertilizers should be applied regularly to trees in the late spring and early summer months and in a few light applications in between. These preventative actions do not necessarily fight pests as much as promote plant health so the plants can better fight off pests and diseases. If a pest or disease does occur, further action needs to be taken to eliminate the problem.
Pest control companies such as Green T Pest Control offer services and applications to rid trees and shrubs of unwanted insects and fungus. Green T uses a blend of insecticide, miticide, and fungicide to help fight off insects, mites, and fungus respectively. Call for pest control services upon noticing any of the pests or diseases discussed above to have the problem addressed immediately. The beauty of a healthy lawn is enhanced by healthy trees and shrubs.